In the comments on a post from early last year, How to troubleshoot the Blue Screen of Death, Al expresses a common frustration:
My PC has crashed a couple of times now to a BSOD with a stop error I can’t read quick enough. I see nothing in event viwer, is there any other log of what happened? What the stop error was and what the 4nvd.dll (possibly!) or whatever it was that flashed past is?
Information about a stop error (aka BSOD) should appear in Event Viewer’s System log. If you can’t find it there, try reconfiguring your system to stop after a stop error (what a concept!) so you can read the error on the screen. Here are the step-by-step instructions:
Open the System option in Control Panel.
On the Advanced tab, under the Startup and Recovery heading, click the Settings button.
In the Startup and Recovery dialog box, under the System Failure heading, clear the Automatically Restart check box.
Click OK to close the Startup and Recovery dialog box, and then click OK to close the System Properties dialog box.
After making this change, you’ll find that the details of a (hopefully rare) BSOD will remain on screen for you to study and write down. You’ll need to press a key to clear the screen and restart the computer.